Tusar Silk

 

 

 

My mother has a saree, she kept it very near to her heart. The beautiful golden color boundary and incorporated but as and other motifs are just mesmerizing. 

I remember as a toddler feeling the softness of that Bhagalpur Tassar silk saree when I used to play in her lap.

I remember that I used to recognize her from very far when she wore the golden color boundaries and the sky-blue saree.

History of Tussar silk 

We get from ancient scriptures a name as “Kosa” silk, which is to denote and represents the unique wild Tussar silk and one can trace the production and distribution of this silk fabric for hundreds of years. Although the raw silk is produced by several Indian states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, and Madhyapradesh from about 200 – 300 years Bhagalpur area of the Bihar region is known for its production quality and gave its own name to the silk, which is known as “ Bhagapur Tussar silk” .

Why Bhagalpur Tussar silk is unique 

Mother nature had provided different types of silk to the humankind, some famous ones are Mulberry Silk, spider silk,  Sea Silk, Tushar Silk, Eri Silk, Muga silk, Art Silk and bamboo silk out of this wide variety of silk 4 silk types are very prevalent in India these are.

  • Mulberry Silk 
  • Tussar Silk
  • Eri Silk 
  • Muga silk

Although each silk has its own quality and characteristic, for example Muga Silk is known for its natural and sparkling golden color and is specifically from the Indian state of Assam due to this unique blend this silk was typically preferred by Indian royalty it is produced by a specific type of silkworm which is available in the specific Assam state of India just like Muga silk Eri silk comes from a specific species of caterpillar found in North East India as well as certain parts of China and Japan. This silk’s thermal properties mean that it can keep you warm in winter and cool during summer and mulberry because it is produced by the silkworms on a diet of the mulberry plant, all these materials have their own restrictions and bottleneck which is somehow overcome by the Tussar silk.

Tussar silk is produced in some populated states of India like Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhyapradesh. These state provide a good quantity of the raw Tussar silk unlike Mulberry silk the silkworms who produce the tussar silk are known as Tropical tasar silkworms, Antheraea mylitta Drury lives in deep jungles and does not take their diet from the Mulberry plant although the production and distribution of silk is centuries old in various parts of countries like Madras, Banaras and Kanchipur still the shine and strength Tussar silk gave is uncomparable to others.

The skilled hand of the artist and worker binds the fabric in beautiful patterns that all women want one of the Bhagalpur Silk saree in their wardrobe as a price possession.

The rural development through Silk 

Producing Tussar is a rural art. Traditionally, the women of the tribal and rural areas were trained in weaving Silk out of cocoons and weaving fabrics out of the threads hence obtained. Like most of the other textile arts, Tussah too became a fabric of mechanization.

The Tussar silk industry makes extensive use of rural and tribal labor. The women who are absorbed by the industry are trained in the production of Silk, this gives the rural and tribal population their source of income and raised the standard of leaving, and brought equity and justice to the society.

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