Understanding Miscarriages – An Essential Guide 

Understanding Miscarriages – An Essential Guide 

Pregnancy is always an exciting time for to-be-moms. However, around 10% to 15% of pregnancies result in miscarriage, which can be extremely devastating time for the parents. For this reason, it’s essential to be well-informed, so you can make your way through the turmoil while retaining your physical and mental health. 

When Do Miscarriages Happen?

Miscarriage is defined as a loss of pregnancy in the first twenty weeks of the pregnancy. In the majority of cases, 80% of pregnancy loss happens in the first twelve, but there are instances when miscarriages are too early, and the mothers don’t even realize that they are pregnant. There is nothing one can do to stop the miscarriage once it has started, but the treatments are provided to prevent infection and heavy bleeding. 

Doctors suggest expectant management, with which no treatment is needed as the placenta, fetus, and pregnancy sac will pass through naturally – this process might take a few days or up to three to four weeks. It can be extremely challenging to wait for a miscarriage, but it starts with cramping and spotting, and soon after, the heavy bleeding starts. Some doctors can recommend medicines to speed up the process. 

What Causes A Miscarriage?

There are different factors that contribute to a miscarriage. The first trimester pregnancies lead to a miscarriage because of abnormalities in chromosomes. In addition, miscarriage can happen because of embryo implantation issues and the inability of the embryo to develop. Some other signs of miscarriage include;

  • Hormonal issues 
  • Infections 
  • Thyroid issues
  • Uncontrollable diabetes 
  • Lupus 
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals 
  • Using illegal drugs and alcohol 

Remember that your age can directly influence the chances of a miscarriage. For instance, women in their late 30s and 40s are more likely to miscarry as compared to younger women. The early signs of miscarriage include bleeding and vaginal spotting, but you must confirm it with the doctor. In particular, if the cramps are painful and you are bleeding, the chances of miscarriage will be higher. Some other signs of miscarriage include;

  • Heavy bleeding 
  • Severe pain in the shoulder and tummy 
  • High fever 
  • Fainting or dizzy feeling 
  • Bad-smelling fluid coming out the vagina 
  • Pain during bowel movements 

How Does A Miscarriage Affect Mental Health?

Miscarriage can be an extremely traumatic event that impacts every woman but can result in depression, grief, and anxiety. In addition, it can also lead to PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Around 30% to 50% of women struggle with anxiety, while up to 15% of women struggle with depression, which lasts over four months. 

The grief that comes with a miscarriage tends to be comparable in duration, intensity, and nature. Approximately one out of ten women struggle with PTSD within the first three months of pregnancy loss, which includes re-experiencing the feelings, flashbacks, and nightmares. In addition, some women tend to avoid situations that give them flashbacks of the loss. 

According to a WHO review from 2013, it is not possible to share SOPs regarding the provision of psychological support after a miscarriage, but follow-up appointments can help acknowledge the development of mental health issues and offer support to women in distress. Poor mental health in women can have long-term as well as immediate impacts. 

For the most part, it can limit the opportunities related to economic and social participation. In addition, it tends to limit the caregiving and self-care opportunities for women, which can negatively influence their physical health as well. 

Things To Do For Emotional Healing After Miscarriage 

Getting back on track after an emotionally-disastrous journey can be extremely challenging. However, to get back to the normal life, you can try out the following tips;

  • Reach out to a mental health provider as they can help you process the complicated feelings and emotions 
  • Don’t give up on self-care, so make sure you are getting a balanced diet, staying hydrated, and is indulging in light exercise 
  • Indulge in a new physical activity that helps with emotional release, including karate and boxing 
  • Opt for postnatal massage as it’s a therapeutic experience and might be included in the health insurance plan as well 
  • Lastly, remember that you can get pregnant again, so be happy and hopeful for an opportunity that will come your way 

If you have experienced a miscarriage, we are sorry, but we promise that things will get better. Keep holding up, mama! 

https://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy/miscarriage-rates-by-week

https://www.pregnancybirthbaby.org.au/what-really-happens-during-a-miscarriage

https://www.figo.org/news/what-psychological-impact-miscarriage

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